TiPES database for research on rapid transitions in paleoclimates
Witold Bagniewski, Denis-Didier Rousseau, Michael Ghil and Jens Fohlmeister

Table 1: Marine Sediment Cores

Site nameLocation (Lat, Lon)DepthPeriodMax resolutionProxiesResultsDOI link
MD95-201066.684167, 4.5661601226 m66.93 - 10.31 ka BP35 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ13C; IRD https://doi.org/10.1038/46753
SO82‐559.186167, -30.9048331394 m57.4 - 17.8 ka BP61 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ13C; SST; IRDpla δ18O; SSThttps://doi.org/10.1029/1999PA000464
MD95-200657.030167, -10.0582122 m56.37 - 39.96 ka BP92 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ13C; SST; IRD https://doi.org/10.1029/2008PA001595
JPC-1353.0568, -33.52973082 m127.8 - 7.4 ka BP69 ypla δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ18O; ben δ13C; lithicspla δ18Ohttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.09.006
U130849.877760, -24.2381103871 m3143.11 - 0.19 ka BP116 yben δ18O; ben δ13C; Ca/Sr; Si/Sr; pla δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1805-2016
MD99-233142.15, -9.68332120 m39.98 - 15.68 ka BP pla δ18O; IRD; SST https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GC002398 ;
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.001
MD95-204040.581833, -9.8611672465 m50.69 - 0 ka BP84 ypla δ18O; IRD https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GC002398
MD95-203940.5785, -10.34853381 m50.57 - 0 ka BP106 ypla δ18O; IRD; SST https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GC002398 ;
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.001
MD01-244337.881, -10.1762925 m433.29 - 0 ka BP185 ypla δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ18O; SSTpla δ18Ohttps://doi.org/10.1002/palo.20017 ;
https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GM001021
MD95-204237.799833, -10.16653146 m417.7 - 0 ka BP84 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; ben δ13C; pla δ13C; agepla δ18O; pla δ18O 122ky; ben δ13C; ben δ18O; ben δ13C 122ky; ben δ18O 122kyhttps://doi.org/10.1029/2009GC002398 ;
https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139994 ;
https://doi.org/10.1029/2000PA000513
MD01-244437.565, -10.1342656 m420 - 0.06 ka BP85 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; SSTpla δ18O; SST; pla δ18O 122ky; SST 122ky; errors; transitions(W)https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139994 ;
https://doi.org/10.1002/palo.20017
MD99-234136.389167, -7.065667582 m49.37 - 1.14 ka BP103 ypla δ18O https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GC002398
ODP977a36.0317, -1.955281984 m244.3 - 0.13 ka BP178 ySSTSST; SST 122kyhttps://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139994
MD99-233935.8855, -7.5278331177 m47.29 - 0.47 ka BP14 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ13C; SST; IRD; grain size https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2006.03.014
ODP893A34.28, -120.03576 m64.71 - 0.3 ka BP43 ypla δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ18O https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00138-X ;
https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0291:LQNPSW>2.3.CO;2 ;
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00186-5
U142931.617333, 128.9975732 m393 - 0 ka BP pla δ18O; ben δ18O; ben δ13C; pla δ13C; SST https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05814-0
MD02-257529.00167, -87.11889847 m399.93 - 1.05 ka BP141 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; SSTpla δ18O; pla δ18O 122kyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.051
SO188‐17286‐119.743, 89.87931428 m128.72 - 0.22 ka BP155 ypla δ18O; ben δ18O; SSTSSThttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019PA003646
MD97-21418.78, 121.283633 m395 - 4.8 ka BP51 ypla δ18Opla δ18O; pla δ18O 122kyhttps://doi.org/10.1029/2002GL016612
MD98-21816.3, 125.832114 m 67.59 - 0 ka BP pla δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ18O; SST https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1071627 ;
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.05.007
MD03-27072.502, 9.3951295 m155.42 - 0.36 ka PB91 ypla δ18O; SSTSSThttps://doi.org/10.1126/science.1140461
TR163-220.52, -92.42830 m135.1 - 1.2 ka BP pla δ18O; ben δ18O; SST https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.11.010
ODP1089-40.93, 9.94621 m615.07 - 0 ka BP pla δ18O; ben δ18O; pla δ13C; ben δ13C hhttps://doi.org/10.1029/2002GC000367
TNO57‐21-41.1, 7.84981 m98.85 - 0 ka BP111 ypla δ18O https://doi.org/10.1002/2014PA002623
MD02-2588-41.33167, 25.828332907 m353.18 - 0.29 ka BP ben δ18O; pla δ13C https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1782
MD97-2120-45.53433, 174.9308331210 m151.21 - 3.96 ka BP102 ypla δ18O; SST https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1084451

Table 2: Ice Cores

Site nameLocation (Lat, Lon)ElevationPeriodMax resolutionProxiesResultsDOI link
NEEM77.45, -51.06N/A108.16 - 0 ka BP δ18O; ... https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-2713-2013
NGRIP75.1, -42.322925 m122.3 - 0.03 ka BP20 yδ18O; Ca; ...δ18O; ROC analysis; transitions(U)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.007
GRIP72.58, -37.63 N/A104 - 0 ka BP δ18O; Ca; ... https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.007
Guliya35.28, 81.486200 m132.4 - 0 ka BP400 yδ18O; dust; ... https://doi.org/10.1126/science.276.5320.1821
EPICA EDML-75.0025, 0.06842415.75 m150.02 - 0 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05301
EPICA Dome C-75.1, 123.353189.45 m801.66 - 0 ka BP δD, delta Tδ18O https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1141038
WAIS Divide-79.4676, -112.08651806 m67.77 - 0 ka BP δ18O; ... https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14401
Synthetic GreenlandN/A2135 m798 - 5 ka BP50 yδ18Oδ18O; δ18O 122ky; transitions(U)https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1203580

Table 3: Speleothems

Site nameLocation (Lat, Lon)ElevationPeriodMax resolutionProxiesResultsDOI link
Gassel Tropfsteinhöhle cave47.8228, 13.84281225 m107.97 - 76.91 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-29-2020
Grete-Ruth cave47.5429, 12.02721435 m111.31 - 102.95 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-29-2020
Hölloch im Mahdtal cave47.3779, 10.15051438 m74.38 - 73.63 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-29-2020
Schneckenloch cave47.3745, 10.0681285 m118.31 - 63.72 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-29-2020
Grosser Baschg cave47.2501, 9.6667785 m86.92 - 80.9 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-29-2020
Sofular Cave41.416, 31.934700 m50.22 - 0 ka BP δ18O; δ13C https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL040050
Leviathan Cave37.89, -115.582400 m174.1 - 0 ka BP50 yδ18O https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4805
Dim Cave (Dim-E3)36.53, 32.1232 m89.71 - 13.28 ka BP δ18O, δ13C https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13560
Devils Hole36.4256, -116.2908719 m204.23 - 4.9 ka BP75 yδ18O; δ13C https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad4132
Fort Stanton Cave33.3, -105.31864 m55.85 - 11.31 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo754
Hulu Cave32.5, 119.16 N/A 22 yδ18O; U/Th ages https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064618
Cave of the Bells31.75, -110.751639 m53.34 - 11.48 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO707
Sanbao Cave31.667, 110.4331900 m641.3 - 0.46 ka BP δ18O; U/Th ages https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06692
Bittoo Cave30.7903, 77.77643000 m283.82 - 0.87 ka BP12 yδ18O; δ13Cδ18O; δ18O 122kyhttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019PA003646
Abaco Island Cave26.23, -77.16-17 m63.85 - 13.77 ka BP δ18O; δ13C; Sr/Ca; Mg/Ca https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.035
Dongge Cave 25.28, 108.08 680 m146.26 - 99.45 ka BP δ18O; U/Th ages https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.11.042
Moomi Cave12.5, 54400 m53.48 - 40.38 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1086227
Terciopelo Cave10.1667, -85.3333370 m98.25 - 65.6 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.09.018
Secret Cave4.0848, 114.8503250 m99.78 - 31.83 ka BP δ18O https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1233797
Paraiso Cave (PAR07)-4.067, -55.4560 m45.14 - 17.96 ka BP δ18O, δ13C https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20787
Pacupahuain Cave-11.24, -75.823800 m49.59 - 16.02 ka BP δ18O; δ13C https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1213397
Botuvera Cave-27.22, -49.16 230 m 116.16 - 0 ka BP95 yδ18O; δ13Cδ18Ohttps://doi.org/10.1038/nature03365
Hollywood Cave-41.95, 171.4667 130 m 73.22 - 11.37 ka BP δ18O; δ13C https://doi.org/10.1130/G31827.1
China cave compositeN/AN/A641.3 - 0 ka BP22 yδ18O; U/Th agesδ18O; δ18O 122ky; transitions(W)https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18591

Table 4: Loess Records

Site nameLocation (Lat, Lon)ElevationPeriodMax resolutionProxiesResultsDOI link
ELSA-Eifel loess stack50.16, 6.83402.5 m131.75 - 0.45 ka BP100 ydustdust; dust 122ky; Transitions(W)https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039716
Nussloch loess49.31639, 8.72167180 m162 - 18.7 ka BP grain size, δ13C, Snails, earth worms, magnetic susceptibility, paleosol-loess doublets https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.05.020 ;
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1614751114
Dunaszekcso loess46.0903, 18.7625135 m150 - 20 ka BP grain size, paleosol-loess doublets https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.009
Gulang loess37.49, 102.882400 m60.1 - 3 ka BP grain size https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1326
Jingyuan loess36.35, 104.62210 m60.1 - 3 ka BP grain size https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1326
Linxia loess35.62, 103.22013 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Xinzhuangyuan loess36.19, 104.732110 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Lijiayuan loess36.12, 104.861850 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Hongde loess36.77, 107.211640 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Huanxian loess36.65, 107.261500 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Jiyuan loess37.14, 107.391730 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Huachi loess36.34, 107.931395 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
Zichang loess37.14, 109.851265 m  grain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113
CHILOMOS loess stackN/AN/A249 - 0 ka BP196 ygrain size https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GC005113

Table 5: Lake Sediment Cores

Site nameLocation (Lat, Lon)ElevationPeriodMax resolutionProxiesResultsDOI link
Lac du Bouchet44.83, 3.821200 m69.61 - 0.03 ka BP pollen; temperate forest pollen https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(90)90032-3 ;
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-679-2017
Valle di Castiglione41.9, 12.7644 m63.06 - 15 ka BP pollen; temperate forest pollen https://doi.org/10.1016/1040-6182(89)90076-1 ;
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-679-2017
Tenaghi Philippon41.17, 24.3340 m  pollen https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.1969.tb00591.x
Lake Ohrid41.04917, 20.715693 m1364.34 - 0 ka BP δ18O; δ13C; pollen; ... https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1529-0 ;
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1423-2016
Lago di Monticchio40.9317, 15.6049656 m100.42 - 10.03 ka BP122 ypollen; temperate forest pollen https://doi.org/10.1016/S1040-6182(00)00067-7 ;
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(99)00007-4
Ioannina39.75, 20.85470 m130 - 0 ka BP pollen https://doi.org/10.1130/G20118.1
Lake Van38.667, 42.6691649 m250.16 - 128.8 ka BP δ18O; δ13C; pollen; ... https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2016-133
Padul37, -3.67785 m  pollen https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(88)90202-7
Dead Sea31.50805, 35.471N/A88.03 - 14.24 ka BP pollen https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.04.033

Additional information

  • This is an early draft version of the database and might still include errors and/or incomplete information. Please verify the references and the original data before using the information provided here.
  • The "Max resolution" column represents the maximum resolution over any 10 ka interval, for time periods older than 14 ka BP.
  • The "Results" column includes stadial-interstadial transitions obtained with an automatic detection algorithm (currently in development).
  • Please note that the table rows are sortable.

Contact: Witold Bagniewski wbagniewski@lmd.ens.fr